Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Wetland Mitigation Program

General Information

Westervelt Ecological Services is an NRCS grant recipient tasked with the creation, enhancement, or reestablishment of rainwater basin wetlands. Today, approximately 10-20 percent of rainwater basins remain making protection of these wetlands paramount because they provide critical roosting and feeding habitat for migratory birds in the central flyway. WES is committed to providing improved migratory bird habitat and helping agricultural producers stay in compliance per the 1985 Farm Bill rule.

NRCS Program  Background:

The Wetland Mitigation Banking Program assists agricultural producers that are yielding agricultural commodities on converted wetlands to remain eligible for all USDA programs, including Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and Crop Insurance.

In 1985, Wetland Conservation Compliance provisions were introduced into the Farm Bill. These provisions make agricultural producers ineligible for certain United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) benefits if they produce an agricultural commodity on a converted wetland, defined by USDA as an annually tilled crop or sugarcane, or make such production possible. In 2014, the Farm Bill linked these conservation compliance provisions to the premium subsidy paid by the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) under the federal crop insurance program. Persons who convert a wetland to produce an agricultural commodity will be ineligible for program benefits administered by the Farm Service Agency (FSA) and the NRCS and the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) until the functions of the wetland that was converted are mitigated.

What is required for compliant mitigation?

  • Permanent easement
  • Technical studies (hydrology, biology, soils)
  • Restoration design plans
  • Monitoring to reach wetland development goals
  • Long-term land management of wetlands
  • Long-term land management

An agricultural producer who converts a wetland after February 7, 2014, as determined by NRCS, may regain eligibility for Federal crop insurance premium subsidy by:

  • Purchasing credits from the Wetland Mitigation Banking Program, or
  • Paying a fee to NRCS. This option is only available when the wetland conversion impacts less than 5 acres of an entire farm, or
  • Mitigating the lost wetland functions by restoring previously degraded wetlands or by creating new wetlands. Mitigation sites may be created, restored, or enhanced on the producer’s land, another person’s land, or land held by a mitigation bank. Mitigation plans must be approved by NRCS.